Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism, on Liberty (Everyman Paperback Classics)

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This is simply not an eldercare financing crisis that can be papered over or pushed to the policy back burner," [From The National Association of State Budget Officers, reported by Alan G. Janet Scudder (1869–1940) is best known for her garden sculpture; Harriet Whitney Frishmuth (1880–1980) captured the essence of liberation in her nude figures, as did Maude Sherwood (1873–1953). To know what is useful for a dog, one must study dog-nature.

An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation

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The next day, I called my partner's nurse at Hospice House hoping to get some support and to find out my partner's room number. The tendency to ignore, or the lack of the ability to recognize, ethical issues in decision making. She also said that clearly there was something neurological going on. But it's too far gone to treat. "Sorry, I have bad news for you. Again, I would like to remind the reader that this is not my personal opinion, but rather a compilation of what an influential minority forwarded as a justification for the bombings.

The Limits of Utilitarianism

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In any case, what Singer suggests here as a useful rule of thumb, is that such tests are morally acceptable only if it would be equally acceptable to perform them on mentally retarded orphan humans. [14] (They should be orphans to rule out the question of vicarious suffering caused to parents and relatives.) If this would not be acceptable (as presumably it would not, for most people), then from a utilitarian stand-point it can only be unacceptable speciesism to allow the tests in question to be conducted on animals of similar intelligence.

Architectural Details: Stairs. (Architectural Details)

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To determine whether a rule should be followed, he looks at what would happen if it were constantly followed. To return to our medication library, please select from the menu above or use our search box at the top of the page. The HHS regulations are codified at 45 CFR part 46, subparts A through D. The average American spends about 4.5 hours watching TV, 1.5 to 2.5 hours using the computer, and about 1.5 hours playing video games. We need something more than a "New Years' Eve" resolution to "be good."

The English Utilitarians; Volume One: Jeremy Bentham

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Animal Liberationists are also, of course, opposed to the suffering and killing that is needlessly inflicted on dogs, cats, horses, seals, whales, dolphins and all other animals. Old Cold Warriors see in 19th-Century socialism the seeds of the Stalinist terror, and Marxists see in it the hope for a better world. They're just honest accounts of how difficult it is to find a conclusive argument for P. It would be absurd that while, in estimating all other things, quality is considered as well as quantity, the estimation of pleasures should be supposed to depend on quantity alone.

Henri Bergson : the Philosophy of Change / by H. Wildon Carr

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In addition, such thinking largely served as the justification for the mass murders of millions of innocent people in communist countries where the leaders sought to establish the “workers’ paradise.” To put the matter simply, utilitarianism offers no cohesive way to discern between the various factions competing against one another in political debates and thus fails to provide an adequate guide for ethical human action.

Essays on Freethinking and Plainspeaking

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First as professor in Glasgow University, and later as Master of Balliol College, Oxford, few men have more deeply influenced British speculation. The experience of the Dutch strongly supports the belief that our understanding of natural law, the medieval theory of natural law as interpreted by medieval lawyers, is fairly close to the truth. Do you illustrate your claims with good examples? We know them… We’ve understood!… Our fine deceitful intelligence tells us that we are the revival and extension of our ancestors—Perhaps!… If only it were so!—But who cares?

Shaftesbury and Hutcheson (English philosophers)

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We purposely are silent on it because we don’t want to dictate the model that then states will use or communities will use. Liberals have often been frustrated with Marxists who assume that their theory gives them easy answers to ethical questions. It can be contrasted with deontological ethics (which do not regard the consequences of an act as being a determinant of its moral worth) and virtue ethics (which focuses on character ), as well as with other varieties of consequentialism.

A Fragment on Government; or, a Comment on the Commentaries

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I never understood that because she was in fact the leader in Nashville. And you should say something about how the question might be answered, and about what makes the question interesting and relevant to the issue at hand. Fundamentally, the concept of ___ is central to the deontological tradition. Nagel asks a rather fascinating and perennial philosophical question: ‘Is it possible to honour our subjective experiential take on the world, and yet transcend this narrow perspective and attain a ‘disinterested’ objective perspective?

The Friend: A Series of Essays [Volume II]

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In this with in depth understanding of both that Kantian ethics is much easily appreciated than the ethics of utilitarianism as Kantian ethics apply to everyone yet both ethical approaches lead to faults. Now back to the military construct, because the anarchist militia is always filtered directly through the official. It is a statement that we recognize that we do not understand the complexity of Nature—even what may be good ultimately for humans. Most of their recommendations have since been implemented unless abandoned by the reformers themselves; and, equally important, Utilitarian arguments are now commonly employed to advocate institutional or policy changes.