Utilitarianism

Enlightenment and Utility: Bentham in French, Bentham in

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Well, 87 percent of Italy's population is Catholic. Nevertheless, one of the present writers has previously shown that the findings from Schein’s study of Korean POWs and Maoist indoctrination undermine the extreme extrinsic model in a number of respects (Anthony, 1990). The public relations campaign for this health care "reform" law is similar to the campaign waged to promote HIPAA. The concerns of disabled rights activists are eminently understandable, for Singer is shuffling them into, or at least toward, a nonperson category.

Selected Papers on the Periodic Table by Eric Scerri

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He suggests that many of the problems arise under the traditional formulation because the conscientious utilitarian ends up having to make up for the failings of others and so contributing more than their fair share. [86] Harsanyi argues that the objection overlooks the fact that "people attach considerable utility to freedom from unduly burdensome moral obligations… most people will prefer a society with a more relaxed moral code, and will feel that such a society will achieve a higher level of average utility—even if adoption of such a moral code should lead to some losses in economic and cultural accomplishments (so long as these losses remain within tolerable limits).

English Utilitarians

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They could have simply changed the data to resolve the problem. It is the business of ethics to tell us what are our duties, or by what test we may know them; but no system of ethics requires that the sole motive of all we do shall be a feeling of duty; on the contrary, ninety-nine hundredths of all our actions are done from other motives, and rightly so done, if the rule of duty does not condemn them....utilitarian moralists affirms that the motive has nothing to do with the morality of the action, though much with the worth of agent.

The Building of the Kosmos, and Other Lectures

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There are certainly several problems concerning the applicability of utilitarian theory in this unfinished form that make certain questions arise: The main problem is the subordination of the individual under the common weal. Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory because it stipulates the happiest possible consequences (as opposed to character or conduct) for everyone affected by the action. There is enough blame to go around and certainly, everyone's right that the government and the corporations need major reform.

Physiological Æsthetics

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The objection arises when utilitarianism is mistakenly taken to be a decision-making procedure rather than a criterion of what is right. The story that officials in government, health care, and policymaking circles do not want you to know. Third, and related to the problem of inter-species comparisons of pain and suffering, is Singer's analytic framework. So it might be said that when I want the Redskins to win the Superbowl, what I really want is the felt satisfaction of learning that they win.

de L'Espirit or Essays on the Mind and Its Several Faculties

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Something which is utilitarian is functional, practical, and effective, just as Utilitarianism is intended to be. Suppose that Kurt is married to Philippa, and wants very much that Philippa should be faithful to him. It can be shown that any set of preferences over the world which cannot be expressed as a utility function is irrational, and subject to exploitation by "money pump" con games. We must make sure our elected representatives act to protect the vulnerable.

The Plain Man and His Wife

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It is, most obviously, no substitute for political action. The presumed, "approved treatment," is abortion, for those individuals who are found to have a genetically-detectable condition. In 1996 he stood unsuccessfully as a Greens candidate for the Australian Senate. Scattered violence breakks out in some places. One example of a mind-boggling changed definition is basic food and water. Interesting that "profiling" is forbidden when detecting those terrorists who would kill Americans, so all Americans have to be treated like criminals at the airport security lines.

A Fragment on Mackintosh

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The expressions of outrage were intense and immediate. Turned to photography, photomontage and set design, before her tragic death from scarlet fever. N. was ordered by Kaiser to finally change our father's catheter and trach in order to finalize his work and complete his reports. Barker’s comparisons involve a sample of persons who went through the 21-day tri-seminar indoctrination program and then actually joined the Church, plus a sample of “non-joiners” who completed the indoctrination process but did not join, and a sample of “leavers” who joined but shortly left, and a control sample matched to the original seminarians on demographic variables.

Pornography, Sex, and Feminism

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That direction may or may not be where we, as a society, will want to go. What attitudes about women are expressed in the media of today? Mill has sometimes been interpreted as a rule Utilitarian, whereas Bentham and Sidgwick were act Utilitarians. And palliative sedation assures death just as certainly as a lethal drug. Help-wanted ads in newspapers were segregated into "Help wanted—women" and "Help wanted—men." We need not only be wary of open coercive eugenics and euthanasia as was practiced in Nazi Germany.

The English utilitarians (v.3)

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He signed himself into the hospital, was aware of what was happening, and had been driving earlier that week. I can't tell how many times through the years family members will call and tell me how their loved one was overdosed with morphine. In an age driven by technology, the effect of these developments has been to place a premium on cost and time. Online Library of Liberty - Mill's Utilitarianism - The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, Volume X - Essays on Ethics, Religion, and Society Thus, individuals are not taken to be motivated by self-interest but rather by a commitment to publicly justify the standards of morality to which each will be held.